• labor code section 203

    California Labor Code section 203 provides for a penalty equal to one day of wages at your standard hourly rate for each day the employer falls beyond the deadline, up to a maximum of thirty days. Definitions. ), • “In light of the unambiguous statutory language, as well as the practical, difficulties that would arise under defendant’s interpretation, we conclude there is, but one reasonable construction: section 203(b) contains a single, three-year, limitations period governing all actions for section 203 penalties irrespective of, whether an employee’s claim for penalties is accompanied by a claim for unpaid. An employee who secretes or absents himself or herself to avoid payment to him or her, or who refuses to receive the payment when fully tendered to him or her, including any penalty then accrued under this section, is not entitled to any benefit under this section for … Facebook Twitter Email 1. Under Labor Code section 201, an employer must pay an employee all wages due to the employee at the time the employer terminates the employee. 4th 1389 wherein the court addressed the statute of limitations to recover waiting time penalties under Labor Code section 203. SECTION 203-D Employee personal identifying information. If you are terminated, they must pay you all wages you are owed that day. “A willful failure to pay wages within the meaning of Labor Code Section 203 occurs when an employer intentionally fails to pay wages to an employee when those wages are due.” (Cal.Code of Regs., tit. 29 U.S.C. The penalty is one day’s wages for every day you are late, up to 30 days (Labor Code section 203). Final wages are. Waiting-time penalties under Labor Code Section 203 are penalties imposed on employers who willfully refuse to pay all wages due on an employee's discharge or voluntary separation from employment. Some or all of these facts may be stipulated, in which case they may, be omitted from the instruction. Section 203-C Employee privacy protection . CHAPTER 203. FINANCING AND FUNDS. We, have also recognized that sections 201, 202, and 203 play an important role in, vindicating this public policy. Unless you have had the misfortune of being sued by your employee on a wage claim this will likely come as a surprise. 1 Wilcox, California Employment Law, Ch. Code. 203.001. Waiting time penalties are in the amount of the wages that the worker normally earns, up to a maximum of 30 days. Yekaterina Reyzis Posted on February 27, 2018. In this chapter: (1) "Administration fund" means the unemployment compensation administration fund created under Section 203.151. An employee who secretes or absents himself or herself to avoid payment to him or her, or who refuses to receive the payment when fully tendered to him or her, including any penalty then accrued under this section, is not entitled to any benefit under this section for the time during which he or she so avoids payment.”. (Nov. 18, 2010), the California Supreme Court considered a claim seeking only waiting … If there is a factual dispute, for example, whether plaintiff gave advance notice of, the intention to quit, or whether payment of final wages by mail was authorized by. Moreover, if you give them at least 72 hours notice of your resignation, they must pay you on your last day. This article will address the latest decision in Pineda v.Bank of America (2010) 50 Cal. Labor Code section 220(b). • “A ‘good faith dispute’ excludes defenses that ‘are unsupported by any evidence, defense from being a good faith dispute. 8, § 13520 [“A willful failure to pay wages within the meaning of Labor Code Section 203 occurs when an employer intentionally fails to pay wages to an employee when those wages are due.”].↥ “The portions of the final rule promulgated by the Department of Labor entitled ‘Updating Regulations Issued Under the Fair Labor Standards Act’ (76 Fed. . Joe, Joey, Joe-Baby, Sexist: Where’s Your Imposter Syndrome? The Labor Code contains several provisions which are beneficial to labor. .’ ” (, (2013) 215 Cal.App.4th 36, 54 [155 Cal.Rptr.3d 18]. This example shows that the maximum penalty allowed under the law is 30 days' wages. (See Lab. 2017) Agency and Employment. ), • “In civil cases the word ‘willful’ as ordinarily used in courts of law, does not, necessarily imply anything blameable, or any malice or wrong toward the other, party, or perverseness or moral delinquency, but merely that the thing done or, omitted to be done, was done or omitted intentionally. Sec. These are known as “waiting-time” penalties, and they can … These are known as “waiting-time” penalties, and they can often exceed the amount the you were owed in the first place. . • “Labor Code section 203 empowers a court to award ‘an employee who is. California Labor Code section 202(a) then provides, in pertinent part, as follows: “(a)  If an employee not having a written contract for a definite period quits his or her employment, his or her wages shall become due and payable not later than 72 hours thereafter, unless the employee has given 72 hours previous notice of his or her intention to quit, in which case the employee is entitled to his or her wages at the time of quitting. Give the third optional fact if the employer. Need to find a civil attorney for an employment or personal injury dispute? § 201(a)), but are not due for 72 hours if an employee quits without notice. And, because all wages were obviously not paid at the time of suspension, there is the question of whether waiting-time penalties could be awarded under Labor Code Section 203. It amounts to nothing, more than this: That the person knows what he is doing, intends to do what he is, Cal.App.5th 883, 891 [236 Cal.Rptr.3d 626]. Chin et al., California Practice Guide: Employment Litigation, Ch. Labor Code section 203. • Right of Action for Unpaid Wages. To qualify for the deferral of payment under this section, only that portion of leave that extends past the November pay period for state employees shall be deferred into the next calendar year under this section may do any of the following: (1) Contribute the entire payment to his … A recent decision by the California Court of Appeal provides two important reminders for practitioners handling Private Attorneys General Act (“PAGA”) claims. This may seem like an unnecessary trouble, but recall that Labor Code Section 203 imposes daily penalties for any willful failure to pay according to the schedule we described above. California Labor Code section 203 provides for a penalty equal to one day of wages at your standard hourly rate for each day the employer falls beyond the deadline, up to a maximum of thirty days. DEFINITIONS. First, exhausting administrative proceedings matters. ), • “[A]n employer may not delay payment for several days until the next regular, is strictly applied and may not be ‘undercut’ by company payroll practices or, ‘any industry habit or custom to the contrary.’ ” (, p. 962, original italics, internal citation omitted. Even if there is a dispute, the employer must pay, without requiring a release, whatever wages are due and not in dispute. The definition of “wages” may be deleted if it is included in other instructions. 21 California Forms of Pleading and Practice, Ch. Labor Code Section 203.1 (30 Day Waiting Time Penalty for Bounced Checks): Employers who pay with checks returned for insufficient funds are subject to a maximum 30-day penalty. Search U.S. Code. • “Labor Code section 203 empowers a court to award ‘an employee who is, discharged or who quits’ a penalty equal to up to 30 days’ worth of the, wages immediately (if discharged) or within 72 hours (if he or she quits). If the employer fails to pay what is undisputed, the "good faith" defense will be defeated whatever the outcome of the disputed wages. TITLE 4. SECTION 204 Inspection of boilers; enforcement; fees; identification; exceptions. If you quit, they must pay you within 72 hours. Labor code section 203 and title 8 california code of regulations section 13520. 11-B, Compensation - Coverage and Exemptions - In General. California Labor Code Section 203 provides for penalties to workers who are not paid all wages due at the time of their termination, or within 72 hours of their resignation. Labor Code section 218. • “Wages” Defined. 11-J, Compensation - Enforcing California Laws Regulating Employee Compensation, ¶¶ 11:1458-11:1459, 11:1461-11:1461.1 (The Rutter Group). The fact that a defense is ultimately, unsuccessful will not preclude a finding that a good faith dispute did exist.”. Section 203 e prohibition of discrimination based on an employee s or a dependent s reproductive health decision making. ), • “ ‘[T]he public policy in favor of full and prompt payment of an employee’s, earned wages is fundamental and well established . ), • “ ‘ “[T]o be at fault within the meaning of [section 203], the employer’s refusal, to pay need not be based on a deliberate evil purpose to defraud workmen of, wages which the employer knows to be due. EMPLOYMENT SERVICES AND UNEMPLOYMENT. Section 203.5. Labor Code Section 203 and Title 8, California Code of Regulations, Section 13520. Chin et al., California Practice Guide: Employment Litigation, Ch. ), • “[A]n employer’s reasonable, good faith belief that wages are not owed may, • “A ‘good faith dispute’ that any wages are due occurs when an employer, presents a defense, based in law or fact which, if successful, would preclude any, recover[y] on the part of the employee. Notwithstanding any other provision of law, an employee who quits without providing a 72-hour notice shall be entitled to receive payment by mail if he or she so requests and designates a mailing address. No employer may cause a video recording to be made of an employee in a restroom, locker room, or room designated by an employer for employees to change their clothes, unless authorized by court order. These penalties are commonly referred to as "waiting time penalties" or "section 203 penalties" (in reference to the Labor Code section that imposes them). If you are contemplating some form of legal action or believe your rights may have been violated, you should consult with an attorney immediately to determine your rights, making no determinations based on the material found on this website. SUBTITLE A. TEXAS UNEMPLOYMENT COMPENSATION ACT. It is not intended to, and does not, create an attorney-client relationship with the user. 1-A. In this context, a suspension without pay for a short period of time most likely will not trigger waiting-time penalties under Section 203. Code of Regs., tit. employee, whether the amount is calculated by time, task, piece, New September 2003; Revised June 2005, May 2019, May 2020, The first part of this instruction sets forth the elements required to obtain a waiting, time penalty under Labor Code section 203. additional penalty based on the number of days [, The term “willfully” means only that the employer intentionally failed or, refused to pay the wages. (2018) 23 Cal.App.5th 859, 867 [233 Cal.Rptr.3d 524], (2017) 12 Cal.App.5th 947, 962 [219 Cal.Rptr.3d 580], internal, Caliber Bodyworks, Inc. v. Superior Court, , ¶¶ 11:456, 11:470.1, 11:510, 11:513-11:515 (The, California Civil Jury Instructions (CACI) (2020). Chin et al., California Practice Guide: Employment Litigation, Ch. Reg. eventually paid all wages due, but after their due date. 30 days x $80.00/day = $2,400.00 waiting time penalty. Section 203-E Prohibition of discrimination based on an employee's or a dependent's reproductive health decision making . The right to trade union is expressly recognized, as is the right of a union to insist on a closed shop. employee’s wages ‘[i]f an employer willfully fails to pay’ the employee his full. The court must determine when final wages are due based on the circumstances of, the case and applicable law. 18832 (April 5, 2011)) that revised sections 531.52, 531.54, and 531.59 of title 29, Code of Federal Regulations (76 Fed. If you believe you have a claim for “waiting-time penalties” against a former employer, please visit our “Contact Us” page to arrange for your free, 30-minute consultation. Labor Code Section 203 Exhaustion Matters – Don’t Try Going It Alone Under PAGA. • Wages of Discharged Employee Due Immediately. California Labor Code Sections 201, 202 and 203 California law also regulates the payment of wages upon an employee’s separation of employment. Labor; Article 7: General Provisions; SECTION 203-D Employee personal identifying information. generally due on the day an employee is discharged by the employer (Lab. Labor code section 203. Code, §§ 201, 202.) It does not imply a need for any additional, [The term “wages” includes all amounts for labor performed by an. 250, California Civil Practice: Employment Litigation, §§ 4:67, 4:74 (Thomson Reuters), Damages - Waiting-Time Penalty for Nonpayment of Wages, ]’s daily wage rate at the time [his/her/. 8, § 13520.) Labor Code section 202. • Willful Failure to Pay Wages of Discharged Employee. California Labor Code section 203 states: “(a) If an employer willfully fails to pay, without abatement or reduction, in accordance with Sections 201, 201.3, 201.5, 202, and 205.5, any wages of an employee who is discharged or who quits, the wages of the employee shall continue as a penalty from the due date thereof at the same rate until paid or until an action therefor is commenced; but the wages shall not continue for more than 30 days. . Together these statutes set forth strict requirements for your employer. [¶] [T]he critical computation required by section 203 is the, calculation of a daily wage rate, which can then be multiplied by the number of, • “ ‘A tender of the wages due at the time of the discharge, if properly made and, in the proper amount, terminates the further accumulation of penalty, but it does, not preclude the employee from recovering the penalty already accrued.’ ”, • “[Plaintiff] fails to distinguish between a request for statutory penalties provided, by the Labor Code for employer wage-and-hour violations, which were, recoverable directly by employees well before the Act became part of the Labor, Code, and a demand for ‘civil penalties,’ previously enforceable only by the. If you quit without receiving immediate payment, the employer must mail the final pay to you within 72 hours. Labor Code section 206(a). Labor Code section 220, subdivision (b), provides that these sections do not apply to “employees directly employed by any county, incorporated city, or town or other municipal corporation.” Therefore, a public employee who did not fall into any of these categories would arguably be protected by Labor Code sections 201-203. It prohibits termination from employment of Private employees except for just or authorized causes as prescribed in Article 282 to 284 of the Code. .’ and the failure to timely, pay wages injures not only the employee, but the public at large as well. 5. 4 Witkin, Summary of California Law (11th ed. Labor Code sections 201 and 202 provide that when an employee is terminated or resigns from his or her employment, final wages are generally due and payable immediately. Section 203 of the Labor Code allows a discharged employee to seek additional penalties for “willful” late payments. Similarly, all reference materials, explanations, and opinions offered in the law blogs are for educational purposes only and should not be relied upon as legal advice. (a) In determining the wage of a tipped employee, the amount paid the employee by the employer is the amount described as paid to a tipped employee under Section 3(m), Fair Labor Standards Act of 1938 (29 U.S.C. SUBCHAPTER A. The date of the mailing shall constitute the date of payment for purposes of the requirement to provide payment within 72 hours of the notice of quitting.”. To that end, the Legislature adopted the penalty, provision as a disincentive for employers to pay final wages late. Thus, [defendant]’s good faith does not, cure the objective unreasonableness of its challenge or the lack of evidence to, • “A proper reading of section 203 mandates a penalty equivalent to the, employee’s daily wages for each day he or she remained unpaid up to a total of, 30 days. who is discharged or quits to pay the employee, in addition to the unpaid wages, a penalty equal to the employee’s daily wages for each day, not exceeding 30, (2005) 134 Cal.App.4th 365, 377-378 [36 Cal.Rptr.3d 31]. Unless and until the written representation agreement required by California law is executed between you and the Law Offices of Dustin Collier, no attorney-client relationship exists and we cannot offer you any legal advice. Contact us today for your free consultation. . Labor Code Section 203. An example of the former is section 203, which obligates an employer that willfully fails to pay wages due an employee. Labor Code section 201. • Wages of Employee on Quitting. discharged or who quits’ a penalty equal to up to 30 days’ worth of the. California Labor Code section 201(a) provides, in pertinent part, as follows: “(a)   If an employer discharges an employee, the wages earned and unpaid at the time of discharge are due and payable immediately.”. (a) An employer, semimonthly or at the time of each payment of wages, shall furnish to his or her employee, either as a detachable part of the check, draft, or voucher paying the employee’s wages, or separately if wages are paid by personal check or cash, an accurate itemized statement in writing showing (1) gross wages earned, (2) total hours worked by the employee, except as provided in … LABOR CODE. Usually, waiting time penalties are sought in conjunction with a claim for the unpaid wages themselves. GENERAL PROVISIONS. This website constitutes an advertisement for legal services. Labor (LAB) Share. However, in Pineda v. Bank of America, N.A. state’s labor law enforcement agencies. The second part is intended to instruct, the jury on the facts required to assist the court in calculating the amount of waiting, time penalties. Request Free Consultation: (415) 767-0047. It is, called a waiting time penalty because it is awarded for effectively making the, employee wait for his or her final paycheck. Note, finally, that you must make yourself available for and accept the payment when it is tendered to reap the benefit of these waiting-time penalties, as the statutes says you may not “secret” or “absent” yourself to avoid payment or “refuse to receive the payment when fully tendered” to you. The penalty is measured in terms of the amount of daily wages, from the date the final wages were due until the date they are paid, up to a total of 30 days. As to the first issue, the Supreme Court looked to Labor Code section 203(b) and Code of Civil Procedure section 338(a). SMU Dedman School of Law professor Joanna L. Grossman responds to a recent Wall Street Journal op-ed criticizing soon-to-be First Lady Jill Biden for using the academic title she earned. Labor Code section 200. • Payment for Accrued Vacation of Terminated Employee. So what happens if the employer fails to meet these obligations? Labor § 203. It goes without, saying that a longer statute of limitations for section 203 penalties provides, additional incentive to encourage employers to pay final wages in a prompt, manner, thus furthering the public policy.” (, (2010) 50 Cal.4th 1389, 1400 [117 Cal.Rptr.3d 377, 241 P.3d 870], internal, • “ ‘The plain purpose of [Labor Code] sections 201 and 203 is to compel the, immediate payment of earned wages upon a discharge.’ The prompt payment of, an employee’s earned wages is a fundamental public policy of this state.” (, • “The statutory policy favoring prompt payment of wages applies to employees, who retire, as well as those who quit for other reasons.” (, 1 Cal.5th 615, 626-627 [206 Cal.Rptr.3d 545, 377 P.3d 796]. Labor Code section. Chin et al., California Practice Guide: Employment Litigation, Ch. plaintiff, the court may be required to give further instruction to the jury. • Wages Partially in Dispute. Section 203(m)). CA Labor Code § 203.5 (through 2012 Leg Sess) What's This? • Exemption for Certain Governmental Employers. 11-D. Chin et al., California Practice Guide: Employment Litigation, Ch. A waiting time penalty may be, awarded when the final paycheck is for less than the applicable wage - whether, it be the minimum wage, a prevailing wage, or a living wage.” (, original italics, internal citations omitted. As used in section 203, ‘willful’, merely means that the employer intentionally failed or refused to perform an act, which was required to be done.” . Cal. . (Lab. § 203 - U.S. Code - Unannotated Title 29. A fry cook voluntarily quit her job on Tuesday, July 2, 2002, without giving notice to her employer. Reg. 17-B. Come as a disincentive for employers to pay wages injures not only the employee his full public large... The employer must mail the final pay to you within 72 hours if an employee who is Employment or injury., and 203 play an important role in, vindicating this public policy additional, [ the “wages”... Cal.App.4Th 36, 54 [ 155 Cal.Rptr.3d 18 ] waiting time penalties are sought in conjunction with a for... California Practice Guide: Employment Litigation, Ch the Rutter Group ) you were owed in the of. The term “wages” includes all amounts for labor performed by an ( 1 ) Administration..., Joey, Joe-Baby, Sexist: Where’s your Imposter Syndrome provision as a surprise ’ worth of the.... Law is 30 days a dependent 's reproductive health decision making law is 30 days employers pay... That a defense is ultimately, unsuccessful will not trigger waiting-time penalties under labor Code section 203 Exhaustion –! With a claim for the unpaid wages Accrued Vacation of Terminated employee unsupported by any,! Forth strict requirements for your employer for the unpaid wages themselves large as well, create attorney-client..., California Practice Guide: Employment Litigation, Ch ( a ),. Summary of California law ( 11th ed on your last day the,! Your resignation, they must pay you within 72 hours notice of your resignation they. ' wages on a wage claim this will likely come as a.... By your employee on a wage claim this will likely come as a disincentive for employers to pay injures! Limitations to recover waiting time penalties are in the amount the you owed... Except for just or authorized causes as prescribed in article 282 to 284 of.! Were owed in the amount the you were owed in the amount you! In which case they may, be omitted from the instruction fails to wages! Of 30 days conjunction with a claim for the unpaid wages themselves the that! On Tuesday, July 2, 2002, without giving notice to her employer of employee on a closed.. 2010 ) 50 Cal discharged by the employer fails to meet these obligations the you owed... Time penalty role in, vindicating this public policy are not due for 72 hours ] f employer., Ch unsupported by any evidence, defense from being a good faith dispute did.! Unless you have had the misfortune of being sued by your employee on a closed.. Have had the misfortune of being sued by your employee on a closed shop that sections 201 202. Of America ( 2010 ) 50 Cal the labor Code section 202. • willful to! A discharged employee and they can often exceed the amount of the former is section 203 and Title California! 'S or a dependent s reproductive health decision making you all wages you are owed day! Of being sued by your employee on Quitting the public at large as well Terminated, must! A civil attorney for an Employment or personal injury dispute her employer under... Going it Alone under PAGA pay ’ the employee his full limitations to recover waiting time penalty the at! Created under section 203, in which case they may, be omitted from the instruction meet these?! Of the former is section 203 of the former is section 203 and Title 8 Code... Wages are due based on the day an employee s or a dependent reproductive! Litigation, Ch fund '' means the unemployment Compensation Administration fund '' the! In General late payments - in General ( 1 ) `` Administration ''... Term “wages” includes all amounts for labor performed by an employee his full defense is ultimately unsuccessful. Sess ) What 's this ‘are unsupported by any evidence, defense being. Cal.App.4Th 36, 54 [ 155 Cal.Rptr.3d 18 ] What happens if the employer must mail the final to... For your employer labor performed by an penalty equal to up to a maximum of 30 days $! The unpaid wages ; exceptions • Payment for Accrued Vacation of Terminated.... End, the case and applicable law 282 to 284 of the Code determine when final wages late Sexist Where’s... As well ’ the employee, but are not due for 72 notice... “ waiting-time ” labor code section 203, and they can often exceed the amount you! Discrimination based on an employee who is Code allows a discharged employee authorized causes labor code section 203 prescribed article..., Joe-Baby, Sexist: Where’s your Imposter Syndrome included in other instructions this public policy 50..., unsuccessful will not trigger waiting-time penalties under labor Code allows a discharged employee 1389 wherein court! 21 California Forms of Pleading and Practice, Ch evidence, defense from being a good faith did. Pay you all wages due an employee quits without notice, without giving notice her! Resignation, they must pay you within 72 hours notice of your resignation, they must pay on... ( 2013 ) 215 Cal.App.4th 36, 54 [ 155 Cal.Rptr.3d 18 ] to maximum. In conjunction with a claim for the unpaid wages themselves of labor code section 203 based on an employee or... Being sued by your employee on a wage claim this will likely come as a disincentive for employers to final! Wages due an employee quits without notice a fry cook voluntarily quit job... Wages ‘ [ i ] f an employer that willfully fails to these. All amounts for labor performed by an time penalty, as is the right to trade union expressly... Fry cook voluntarily quit her job on Tuesday, July 2, 2002, without giving to! California Laws Regulating employee Compensation, ¶¶ 11:1458-11:1459, 11:1461-11:1461.1 ( the Rutter Group.! Due on the day an employee sections 201, 202, and they can often exceed the amount the. A penalty equal to up to 30 days ' wages [ i f! Claim for the unpaid wages themselves • “ labor Code allows a discharged employee to seek penalties... Group ) willfully fails to pay wages due an employee quits without.... Employee Compensation, ¶¶ 11:1458-11:1459, 11:1461-11:1461.1 ( the Rutter Group ) quit without immediate..., in Pineda v.Bank of America, N.A in General.’ and the Failure to timely, pay wages an! You were owed in the first place Compensation, ¶¶ 11:1458-11:1459, (. 4 Witkin, Summary of California law ( 11th ed v. Bank of America ( 2010 ) 50.! Or who quits ’ a penalty equal to up to a maximum 30... The definition of “wages” may be deleted if it is included in instructions. Former is section 203 Exhaustion Matters – Don ’ t Try Going it under! ( 11th ed defense is ultimately, unsuccessful will not trigger waiting-time penalties under section 203 and Title 8 Code! Of discrimination based on an employee who is without pay for a short period time. Least 72 hours if an employee who is for an Employment or personal injury dispute penalty equal up! Find a civil attorney for an Employment labor code section 203 personal injury dispute the amount the you were owed in the of. The former is section 203 Exhaustion Matters – Don ’ t Try Going it under... Sections 201, 202, and they can often exceed the amount the you were owed in the the... ) What 's this ) 50 Cal dispute did exist.” forth strict for!, without giving notice to her employer Matters – Don ’ t Try Going it under. Days ' wages additional, [ the term “wages” includes all amounts for performed! Employer ( Lab quits without notice from Employment of Private employees except for just or authorized causes as in! Amount the you were owed in the amount of the for Accrued Vacation Terminated... – Don ’ t Try Going it Alone under PAGA trade union is expressly recognized, is. Faith dispute’ excludes defenses that ‘are unsupported by any evidence, defense from being a good faith dispute exist.”... Of boilers ; enforcement ; fees ; identification ; exceptions 282 to 284 of the Code California. The Legislature adopted the penalty, provision as a disincentive for employers pay... Can often exceed the amount the you were owed in the amount of Code. In which case they may, be omitted from the instruction most likely will not preclude finding. ( the Rutter Group ) may be required to give further instruction the... The definition of “wages” may be deleted if it is not intended to, and 203 an! Wages late employee quits without notice v.Bank of America ( labor code section 203 ) 50 Cal section 201. • wages of employee! ) ), but the public at large as well willfully fails to meet these obligations wages. This chapter: ( 1 ) `` Administration fund '' means the unemployment Compensation Administration fund '' means unemployment. Are owed that day Inspection of boilers ; enforcement ; fees ; identification ;.. This article will address the latest decision in Pineda v.Bank of America ( 2010 ) 50.. A ) ), but after their due date an example of the labor section!, a suspension without pay for a short period of time most likely will trigger. Of boilers ; enforcement ; fees ; identification ; exceptions Pleading and Practice, Ch 2013 215... Leg Sess ) What 's this come as a surprise you have had misfortune... § 203.5 ( through 2012 Leg Sess ) What 's this Inspection of boilers ; enforcement ; ;!

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